Lunar Feldspathic Work in Progress ... A rock that is a mechanical mixture of different minerals and/or rock fragments (clasts). A breccia may also be distinguished by the origin of its clasts: (monomict breccia: monogenetic or monolithologic, and polymict breccia: polygenetic or polylithologic). The proportions of these fragments within the unbrecciated material Click on Term to Read More
(fragmental breccia or immature Mixture of unconsolidated rocky fragments, soil, dust and other fine granular particles blanketing the surface of a body lacking an atmosphere. Regolith is the product of "gardening" by repeated meteorite impacts, and thermal processes (such as repeated heating and cooling cycles). Click on Term to Read More breccia)
Found November 29, 1999
19° 19.32′ N., 54° 50.85′ E. This fresh, fusion-crusted lunar Work in progress. A solid natural object reaching a planet’s surface from interplanetary space. Solid portion of a meteoroid that survives its fall to Earth, or some other body. Meteorites are classified as stony meteorites, iron meteorites, and stony-iron meteorites. These groups are further divided according to their mineralogy and Click on Term to Read More, weighing just 174 g, was found in the Dhofar region of Oman. Although this meteorite has a terrestrial age of 40 (±20) t.y. (Nishiizumi et al., 2004), terrestrial weathering effects are very slight, as evidenced by µm-sized Mineral or compound containing carbon and oxygen (i.e. calcium carbonate, CaCO3, calcite). Click on Term to Read More and sulfate minerals. Although Dhofar 081 is classified as a feldspathic fragmental highland breccia, its relatively high 20Ne content might be diagnostic of an immature regolith breccia (Warren et al., 2005). It is composed of various clasts of older impact-melt breccias and Geology: Igneous intrusive body that forms when magma is injected into host rocks and solidifies. Plutons occur in the crust of asteroids undergoing differentiation or planets. Named after Pluto, the Roman god of the underworld. Plutonic rocks are the rocks found within a pluton. Astronomy: Category of planet including all Click on Term to Read More rocks. Individual A mineral or rock fragment embedded in another rock. Click on Term to Read More types include crystalline fragments of gabbroic anorthosites, granulites, highland basalts, various impact-melt breccias, and high-An Also referred to as the plagioclase feldspar series. Plagioclase is a common rock-forming series of feldspar minerals containing a continuous solid solution of calcium and sodium: (Na1-x,Cax)(Alx+1,Si1-x)Si2O8 where x = 0 to 1. The Ca-rich end-member is called anorthite (pure anorthite has formula: CaAl2Si2O8) and the Na-rich end-member is albite Click on Term to Read More feldspars. The Fine grained primary and silicate-rich material in chondrites that surrounds chondrules, refractory inclusions (like CAIs), breccia clasts and other constituents. Click on Term to Read More minerals consist mostly of Group of silicate minerals, (Mg,Fe)2SiO4, with the compositional endpoints of forsterite (Mg2SiO4) and fayalite (Fe2SiO4). Olivine is commonly found in all chondrites within both the matrix and chondrules, achondrites including most primitive achondrites and some evolved achondrites, in pallasites as large yellow-green crystals (brown when terrestrialized), in the silicate portion Click on Term to Read More and High-Ca clinopyroxene, (Ca,Mg,Fe)SiO3, that occurs in many igneous rocks, particularly those of basaltic composition. In order to be considered augite, the clinopyroxene must contain 20 to 45 mol % of calcium (Wo20 - 45). An important and unique Martian meteorite is NWA 8159, that has been classified as an augite Click on Term to Read More, with minor FeNi-metal, Ti-Fe oxide, TiFeO3, found in achondrites, lunar mare basalts, and shergottites. Ilmenite forms as a primary mineral in mafic igneous rocks. It crystallizes relatively early out of a magma before most of the other minerals, and as a result, the heavier crystals of ilmenite precipitate to the bottom of the magma Click on Term to Read More, Mg-Al oxide, MgAl2O4, found in CAIs., and rare devitrified brown glass, but no evidence of One of the two broad categories of silicate minerals, the other being felsic, based on its magnesium (Mg) and/or iron (Fe) content. Mafic indicates silicate minerals that are predominantly comprised of Mg and/or Fe.The term is derived from those major constituents: Magnesium + Ferrum (Latin for iron) + ic (having Click on Term to Read More regolith, Lunar igneous rock rich in potassium (K), rare-earth elements (REE), phosphorus (P), thorium, and other incompatible elements. These elements are not incorporated into common rock-forming minerals during magma crystallization, and become enriched in the residual magma and the rocks that ultimately crystallize from it. Click on Term to Read More, or Broad low plains surrounded by basin-forming mountains, originally thought to be a sea (pl. maria). This term is applied to the basalt-filled impact basins common on the face of the Moon visible from Earth. Click on Term to Read More Basalt is the most common extrusive igneous rock on the terrestrial planets. For example, more than 90% of all volcanic rock on Earth is basalt. The term basalt is applied to most low viscosity dark silicate lavas, regardless of composition. Basalt is a mafic, extrusive and fine grained igneous rock Click on Term to Read More components was identified. Some clasts have plagioclase and mafic Inorganic substance that is (1) naturally occurring (but does not have a biologic or man-made origin) and formed by physical (not biological) forces with a (2) defined chemical composition of limited variation, has a (3) distinctive set of of physical properties including being a solid, and has a (4) homogeneous Click on Term to Read More compositions that plot within the gap separating ferroan A phaneritic, intrusive igneous rock made with a modal composition (i.e. volume%) > 90% plagioclase feldspar whose composition is not defined (anorthitic to albitic), and a small mafic component between 0 -10% such as pyroxene, ilmenite, magnetite, and olivine 1. The name anorthosite is derived from the calcium-rich plagioclase feldspar Click on Term to Read More suite rocks (FAN) and high-magnesium suite rocks (HMS). The identification of somewhat higher abundances of solar He and Ne is consistent with a regolith setting (Korotev, 2012 and references therein).
- Dhofar 081, 280, 910, and 1224 are likely paired.
- Dhofar 490 and 1084, which were found about 76 km south of the Dhofar 081/280/910/1224 strewnfield, are not compositionally distinguishable and the two are likely paired.
- Dhofar 302, 303, 305, 306, 307, 309, 310, 311, 730, 731, 908, 909, 911, 950, 1085, and 489 are all likely paired, sharing a Area on the surface containing meteorites and fragments from a single fall. Also applied to the area covered by tektites, which are produced by large meteorite impacts. Strewnfields are often oval-shaped with the largest specimens found at one end. Given that the largest specimens go the greatest distance, a meteoroid's (~1.4 × 1.2 km) with the Dhofar 081 pairing group.
- Dhofar 025, 301, 304, and 308 are likely paired; they were found within a small area of ~0.5 km² (and approximately 100 km southwest of the Dhofar 081 pairing group).
- Dhofar 287 is the only mare basalt found; it was recovered <0.5 km from some members of the Dhofar 025 group.
- Dhofar 026 and Dhofars 457–468 are likely paired; they constitute a strewnfield ~30 km long oriented west to east, and located ~20 km south (to ~50 km southwest) of the Dhofar 025 group.
Further studies of these finds will help to determine exactly how many independent falls are represented among the many individual Dhofar lunaites. A concise and up-to-date table of all known lunar meteorites can be found on Norbert Classen’s An Up-to-date List of Lunar Meteorites. Multiple shock features are present throughout Dhofar 081, including recrystallization, fracturing, mosaicism, and in situ melting. These features indicate that shock pressures as high as ~15–20 GPa were experienced prior to the final ejection event. One or more shock events also produced melt veins with vesicles and the lithification of previously unconsolidated material. Strong zoning of olivine grains is indicative of rapid cooling within an impact Generally symmetrical apron of ejecta surrounding a crater; it is thick at the crater's rim and thin to discontinuous at the blanket's outer edge. Click on Term to Read More. Element occurring in the right-most column of the periodic table; also called "inert" gases. In these gases, the outer electron shell is completely filled, making them very unreactive. Click on Term to Read More studies suggest that Dhofar 081/280/910/1224 is not paired with other lunar meteorites from the Dhofar region, but it may be launch paired with the Antarctic lunaite, MAC 88104/5, based on their similar noble gas records. The CRE age of Dhofar 081, 680 (±140) m.y., actually represents the duration of its exposure at depth—calculated to be ~100 cm within the lunar regolith based on Kr and Xe (Lorenzetti et al., 2005), or 111–128 cm deep based on Be and Al (Nishiizumi and Caffee, 2006). Consistent with a launch from shallow depth, Dhofar 081 had a short Moon–Earth When a small celestial body moves in front of a much larger one (as when Mercury or Venus appears in silhouette against the solar disk or when a satellite passes in front of Jupiter or Saturn). The shadow of a satellite may also transit the disk of its primary. time of ~5,000 years (Nishiizumi, 2003; Nishiizumi and Caffee, 2010), and the stones resided on Earth for another ~12,000 years.Feldspathic fragmental breccias similar in composition to Dhofar 081 were the most common rock type excavated at the North Ray Bowl-like depression ("crater" means "cup" in Latin) on the surface of a planet, moon, or asteroid. Craters range in size from a few centimeters to over 1,000 km across, and are mostly caused by impact or by volcanic activity, though some are due to cryovolcanism. Click on Term to Read More, Central Highlands, landing site of Apollo 16. However, even though Dhofar 081 has a very low abundance of mafic components and a highly anorthositic composition similar to Apollo 16 breccias, the absence of KREEP and high magnesium suite constituents makes it more likely that it originated from a ferroan, anorthosite-rich, Feldspathic Highlands Terrane, probably on the far side of the Moon. The specimen of Dhofar 081 pictured above is a 0.143 g very thin partial slice.