Spherical envelope of gas and dust surrounding the Core of an atom, where nearly the entire mass and all positive charge is concentrated. It consists of protons and neutrons. of an active Conglomeration of frozen water and gases (methane, ammonia, CO2) and silicates that that formed in the outer solar system and orbits the Sun. In recent years, the description of comets has shifted from dirty snowballs to snowy dirtballs with more dust than ice. However, the ratio is less than 10-to-1., created when the ambient heat causes the vaporization of comet material.