One of the Martian SNC meteorites, nakhlites are basaltic Igneous rock composed of crystals that have grown and accumulated (often by gravitational settling) in a cooling magma chamber. clinopyroxenite rocks, and most all are comprised mainly of sub-calcic High-Ca clinopyroxene, (Ca,Mg,Fe)SiO3, that occurs in many igneous rocks, particularly those of basaltic composition. In order to be considered augite, the clinopyroxene must contain 20 to 45 mol % of calcium (Wo20 - 45). An important and unique Martian meteorite is NWA 8159, that has been classified as an augite basalt. with approximately 10% Fe-rich Group of silicate minerals, (Mg,Fe)2SiO4, with the compositional endpoints of forsterite (Mg2SiO4) and fayalite (Fe2SiO4). Olivine is commonly found in all chondrites within both the matrix and chondrules, achondrites including most primitive achondrites and some evolved achondrites, in pallasites as large yellow-green crystals (brown when terrestrialized), in the silicate portion (giving the augite a green color) that are set in a very fine-grained Fine grained primary and silicate-rich material in chondrites that surrounds chondrules, refractory inclusions (like CAIs), breccia clasts and other constituents. (Last material to crystallize/solidify from a melt. Mesostasis can be found in both chondrules, in the matrix around chondrules, and in achondrites as interstitial fine-grained material such as plagioclase, and/or as glass between crystalline minerals. ) comprised of Also referred to as the plagioclase feldspar series. Plagioclase is a common rock-forming series of feldspar minerals containing a continuous solid solution of calcium and sodium: (Na1-x,Cax)(Alx+1,Si1-x)Si2O8 where x = 0 to 1. The Ca-rich end-member is called anorthite (pure anorthite has formula: CaAl2Si2O8) and the Na-rich end-member is albite, K-feldspar, clinopyroxene, Fe-Ti oxide (Ti-magnetite), sulfide, and phosphate. Differences among the chemical compositions of the nakhlites can be ascribed mostly to different proportions of augite, olivine, and mesostasis1.
Nakhlites formed as thick basic/ultrabasic Hot molten or semifluid rock derived from a volcano or surface fissure from a differentiated and magmatically active parent body. flows or shallow intrusions of basaltic Molten silicate (rock) beneath the surface of a planetary body or moon. When it reaches the surface, magma is called lava. on Mars and have a relatively recent Physical or chemical process or action that results in the formation of regularly-shaped, -sized, and -patterned solid forms known as crystals. age of 1.3 Ga. Based on the age of hydrated minerals, including clays and carbonates, they are thought to have been exposed to water less then 670 Ma. Analysis of their known formation depths coupled with observed hydrothermal veining continues to provide important information about the interaction between water and the Martian Outermost layer of a differentiated planet, asteroid or moon, usually consisting of silicate rock and extending no more than 10s of km from the surface. The term is also applied to icy bodies, in which case it is composed of ices, frozen gases, and accumulated meteoritic material. On Earth, the. Research suggests that all nakhlites were ejected from Mars during a common impact event 10 to 12 Ma2.